Standard Article

Plant strategies

Ecological Statistics

  1. Wei Fang

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vap017

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Fang, W. 2006. Plant strategies. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. State University of New York, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


Plant strategies are a complex set of approaches that plants use to maximize their success in particular environments or under particular conditions. These strategies can be characterized by identifiable suites of specific traits. The search for plant strategies is inspired by a long-standing desire of ecologists to seek simplified patterns in plant diversity and the complexity of ecosystems. The effort to define and quantify plant strategies will clarify patterns of the geographical distribution of flora, enhance generalizations about their physiological, phenological and ecological functions, and improve predictions about ecosystem sensitivity to changes in the environment. Accurate descriptions of plant strategies will also help in synthesizing results from individual studies and enhance our understanding of ecological patterns and processes at landscape and global scales. This article emphasizes descriptions of plant strategies and the development of associated quantitative approaches.