Standard Article

Pollutant Measurements

Hydrological Processes

  1. Nils Mole1,
  2. Finn Palmgren2,
  3. Hao Zhang3

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vap024

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Mole, N., Palmgren, F. and Zhang, H. 2006. Pollutant Measurements. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Sheffield, UK

  2. 2

    National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark

  3. 3

    University of Lancaster, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


Measurements of pollutant concentrations are needed in monitoring to determine when an emergency response is required, for example close to installations that store or process hazardous chemicals; to determine whether legal standards are complied with; and to gain knowledge and understanding that can be used to improve modeling, prediction and mitigation of the effects of pollution. This article deals with measurement techniques and strategies appropriate to major pollutants in both air and water, and also with the effects of unavoidable measurement errors.