Standard Article

Spatially constrained sampling


  1. Alfred Stein

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vas042m.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Stein, A. 2013. Spatially constrained sampling . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 5.

Author Information

  1. University of Twente, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


This article describes sampling in the presence of spatial constraints. The technique has been developed on the basis of simulated annealing. It is applicable for a range of environmental sampling and monitoring techniques. After introducing the technique, two specific examples are given. An outlook toward further developments is given.


  • sampling;
  • simulated annealing;
  • optimization;
  • monitoring;
  • mean of shortest distance