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Spherical Statistics

Ecological Statistics

  1. Peter E. Jupp

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vas051.pub2

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Jupp, P. E. 2013. Spherical Statistics . Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 5.

Author Information

  1. University of St. Andrews, Scotland, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Spherical statistics is concerned with data that lie on the sphere of unit radius, and so are unit vectors representing directions in three-dimensional space. Typical examples of such data are directions of paleomagnetism in rock or directions of normals to cometary orbits. Spherical statistics also provides methods of analyzing data that are axes or rotations.


  • axis;
  • direction;
  • rotation;
  • bingham distribution;
  • fisher distribution;
  • uniform distribution