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Spatial and Temporal Modeling and Analysis

  1. Bo Li

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vnn063

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Li, B. 2013. Ensemble. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 2.

Author Information

  1. Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


This article introduces the concept of ensemble, mainly in the context of environmental and climate studies. It summaries several different types of ensembles and discusses why in general the ensemble is a popular and useful tool for problems with a large degree of freedom. Finally, it illustrates this concept through an example of past temperature reconstruction.


  • ensemble;
  • climate;
  • perturbation;
  • probability distribution function;
  • uncertainty