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Nanoparticles: Environmental Fate and Transport

Environmental Technology and Engineering

  1. Isabella Römer,
  2. Michala E. Pettitt,
  3. Jamie R. Lead

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vnn110

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Römer, I., Pettitt, M. E. and Lead, J. R. 2013. Nanoparticles: Environmental Fate and Transport. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013


Nanomaterials (NMs) are usually defined as those particles that have at least one dimension between 1 and 100 nm in size. The unusual properties of NMs and our ability to manipulate matter at this spatial scale have accelerated growth in the production of nanoscale materials and the rapid increase of their applications in many areas has captured the attention of researchers, government, and industry worldwide. Study of their fate and impact in the environment is becoming important due to the large discharges to the environment and the potentially novel toxicities associate with NMs. Two of the most widely used metal and metal oxides in consumer products are silver (Ag) and titanium oxide (TiO2), both TiO2 and Ag NMs will be discussed as exemplars of general NM fate and behavior processes. Understanding the NM environmental fate and behavior such as their environmental distributions and concentration, pathways, sinks are critical in determining environemntal exposure and risk. The precise fate of NMs is uncertain because of the complexity of (i) types NMs and (ii) different environmental systems


  • nanomaterials;
  • nanoparticles;
  • fate;
  • silver;
  • titanium oxide