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Nanotechnology: Environmental Applications

Environmental Technology and Engineering

  1. Miguel Pelaez1,2,
  2. Changseok Han3,
  3. Hyeok Choi4,
  4. Virender Sharma5,
  5. Anthony J. Byrne6,
  6. Patrick S.M. Dunlop6,
  7. George Romanos7,
  8. Polycarpos Falaras7,
  9. Dionysios D. Dionysiou2

Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vnn111

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

Encyclopedia of Environmetrics

How to Cite

Pelaez, M., Han, C., Choi, H., Sharma, V., Byrne, A. J., Dunlop, P. S., Romanos, G., Falaras, P. and Dionysiou, D. D. 2013. Nanotechnology: Environmental Applications. Encyclopedia of Environmetrics. 4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA

  2. 2

    Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

  3. 3

    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA

  4. 4

    The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA

  5. 5

    Florida Institute of Technology, Miami, Florida, USA

  6. 6

    University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK

  7. 7

    Institute of Physical Chemistry, NCSR Demokritos, Athens, Greece

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2013

Abstract

Nanomaterials are receiving particular interest due to their novel physical and chemical properties, which are important for a wide range of applications, including environmental remediation. This article presents an overview of the currentadvances on the most relevant nanomaterials and nanotechnologies employed for environmental remediation. Particular emphasis is given to nanostructured semiconductors for photocatalysis; the use of nanomaterials such as nano-silver, single-walled carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, and titania for disinfection purposes; reactive metal nanoparticles, in particular zero-valent iron; ferrate and membrane nanotechnologies. These nanomaterials and nanotechnologies have been used for water and air purification or for the remediation of contaminated groundwater, soil, and sediments.

Keywords:

  • nanoparticles;
  • TiO2;
  • photocatalysis;
  • membranes;
  • metal nanoparticles;
  • zero-valent iron;
  • ferrate;
  • disinfection;
  • nanosilver