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Need for Biosensors in Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Part Eight. Biosensor Applications

  1. Laurence Baril

Published Online: 15 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470061565.hbb141

Handbook of Biosensors and Biochips

Handbook of Biosensors and Biochips

How to Cite

Baril, L. 2008. Need for Biosensors in Infectious Disease Epidemiology. Handbook of Biosensors and Biochips. Eight:69.

Author Information

  1. Institut Pasteur, Unit of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Dakar, Sénégal

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2008

Abstract

Infectious disease epidemiology is an emerging discipline which requires a strong interdisciplinary approach. Most infectious diseases do not occur randomly but are related to environmental, economic, societal, and personal characteristics. Novel laboratory testing tools such as optical biosensors will improve the quality of the epidemiological information. In this chapter, the author discusses infectious disease epidemiology, and the methods used in the different applications of this domain. A practical lexicon of the main definitions used in epidemiology and in testing the performance of newly developed diagnostic tools is proposed.

Keywords:

  • epidemiology;
  • infectious diseases;
  • diagnosis;
  • emerging pathogen identification;
  • new outbreak;
  • public health