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Maintenance Principles for Civil Structures

Principles of SHM-based Structural Monitoring, Design and Maintenance


  1. Dan M. Frangopol1,
  2. Thomas B. Messervey2

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470061626.shm108

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

How to Cite

Frangopol, D. M. and Messervey, T. B. 2009. Maintenance Principles for Civil Structures. Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Lehigh University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bethlehem, PA, USA

  2. 2

    United States Military Academy, Department of Mathematical Sciences, West Point, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009


This chapter explores the rapidly evolving field related to incorporating information obtained through structural health monitoring (SHM) into the design, maintenance, and management of civil structures. Herein, the employment of monitoring technologies is investigated with respect to the following topics: development of a strategic, top-down monitoring approach; collecting the most critical information, at the right time, with the right instrument; probabilistic formulation of the analysis; conducting structural assessment; updating with monitoring information; life-cycle costing; and inclusion of risk. Simple examples are utilized to highlight the issues related to the use of monitoring technologies as a natural part of design and management. In this article, the need for performance-based design, several examples of monitoring-based structural assessment, and calculating life-cycle costs are treated in detail. In the end, the reader should gain an appreciation of recent progress in the rapidly developing field of SHM, some of the considerations for its implementation, and needs for further study.


  • civil infrastructure;
  • life-cycle management;
  • structural health monitoring;
  • performance-based design;
  • structural assessment;
  • risk;
  • uncertainty