Standard Article

Integrated Sensor Durability and Reliability

Specifications and Standardization

  1. James L. Blackshire,
  2. Kumar V. Jata

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470061626.shm182

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

How to Cite

Blackshire, J. L. and Jata, K. V. 2009. Integrated Sensor Durability and Reliability. Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring. .

Author Information

  1. Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Air Force Research Laboratory, Dayton, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009


Significant progress has been made recently in the development of numerous integrated sensing approaches in support of structural health monitoring. To a large degree, however, many of these sensing approaches and methodologies are unproven in fielded, operational environments where the long-term reliability of the sensors and associated hardware needs to be insured. In this article, some of the physical principles of integrated sensor durability and reliability are covered. In particular, the primary factors that can influence the performance and reliable output of an integrated sensing system are described. The aging, damage, and degradation of a sensing system are also covered. Several specific examples are given, including surface-bonded piezoelectric sensor disks, direct-write thermocouples, comparative vacuum sensors, and layered piezoelectric actuator/sensor networks. Lessons learned and opportunities for sensor durability/reliability improvement are also briefly covered.


  • integrated sensors;
  • reliability;
  • durability, environmental exposure