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Risk Monitoring of Civil Structures

Principles of SHM-based Structural Monitoring, Design and Maintenance

Loads and Environment Monitoring

  1. Narito Kurata

Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470061626.shm186

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

How to Cite

Kurata, N. 2009. Risk Monitoring of Civil Structures. Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring. .

Author Information

  1. Kajima Corporation, Kobori Research Complex, Tokyo, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2009

Abstract

Buildings and civil engineering structures are subjected to natural hazards such as severe earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, and hurricanes, as well as man-made hazards such as fires, crime, and terrorist attacks, during their long-term use. To mitigate these hazards, monitoring various risks in a building employing structural health monitoring (SHM) technologies is necessary. In this article, a concept of risk monitoring of buildings for disaster mitigation is presented and related sensing technologies are reviewed. As advanced examples of risk monitoring of buildings, a ubiquitous structural monitoring (USM) system and a risk information delivery (RID) system using wireless sensor networks are introduced.

Keywords:

  • risk monitoring;
  • ubiquitous computing;
  • wireless sensor network;
  • hazard mitigation;
  • damage detection;
  • ubiquitous structural monitoring;
  • risk information delivery