Chapter 2. Established Uses of Combustion Residues

  1. Michael Cox3,
  2. Henk Nugteren4 and
  3. Mária Janssen-Jurkovičová5
  1. Michael Anderson1,
  2. Rod Jones2 and
  3. Michael McCarthy2

Published Online: 11 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470094440.ch2

Combustion Residues: Current, Novel and Renewable Applications

Combustion Residues: Current, Novel and Renewable Applications

How to Cite

Anderson, M., Jones, R. and McCarthy, M. (2008) Established Uses of Combustion Residues, in Combustion Residues: Current, Novel and Renewable Applications (eds M. Cox, H. Nugteren and M. Janssen-Jurkovičová), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470094440.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK

  2. 4

    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

  3. 5

    KEMA Nederland BV, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Staffordshire, UK

  2. 2

    University of Dundee, Scotland, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 APR 2008
  2. Published Print: 11 APR 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470094426

Online ISBN: 9780470094440



  • combustion residue uses;
  • bulk disposal procedure and combustion residue;
  • incinerated sewage sludge ash (ISSA);
  • ceramic product PFA;
  • fly ash - low-lime fly ash and high-lime fly ash;
  • hydration and pozzolanic reaction;
  • fly ash and concrete sulfate resistance;
  • cement-based grouts and fly ash grout


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Disposal Approaches for Three Prominent Combustion Residues

  • PFA and its Agricultural Applications

  • Uses of Fly Ash in Concrete

  • Application of Fly Ash in Grouts

  • Use of Fly Ash in Fill and Pavement Construction

  • PFA as an Ameliorator of Liquid and Solid Toxic Wastes

  • Commercial Building Products Incorporating PFA

  • The Use of PFA in Ceramic Products