Personality Development

Social, Emotional, and Personality Development

  1. Avshalom Caspi1,
  2. Rebecca L. Shiner2

Published Online: 1 JUN 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470147658.chpsy0306

Handbook of Child Psychology

Handbook of Child Psychology

How to Cite

Caspi, A. and Shiner, R. L. 2007. Personality Development. Handbook of Child Psychology. III:6.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Psychology, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JUN 2007


The goal of this chapter is to summarize current knowledge about the development of individual differences in temperament and personality from childhood through adulthood. The chapter is divided into seven sections. The first two sections describe the most salient temperament and personality traits across the lifespan and offer a process-focused analysis of those traits, including their early antecedents and psychological and biological underpinnings. The third and fourth sections explore how early-emerging temperamental differences become elaborated into personality differences and summarize research evidence about the genetic and environmental origins of these differences. The fifth and sixth sections review new and accumulating evidence about continuities in personality development from childhood to adulthood and the influence of personality on life outcomes. The seventh section explores the connections between temperament and personality traits and psychopathology.


  • childhood development;
  • genetics;
  • personality development;
  • personality processes;
  • personality traits;
  • psychopathology;
  • temperament