Unit

UNIT 2C.4 Expanding Donor Muscle-Derived Cells for Transplantation

  1. Maura H. Parker1,3,
  2. Stephen J. Tapscott2,4

Published Online: 1 MAY 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470151808.sc02c04s25

Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology

Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology

How to Cite

Parker, M. H. and Tapscott, S. J. 2013. Expanding Donor Muscle-Derived Cells for Transplantation. Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology. 25:C:2C.4:2C.4.1–2C.4.16.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington

  2. 2

    Human Biology Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington

  3. 3

    Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

  4. 4

    Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 MAY 2013

Abstract

Studies in mice showed tremendous promise for the eventual clinical utility of myoblast transplantation to treat human muscular dystrophies. Initial attempts to translate the murine studies to humans, however, were not successful, due in part to limited engraftability of expanded donor myoblasts. Conventionally, muscle cells have been cultured on collagen-coated tissue culture-treated polystyrene. However, this promotes lineage progression and differentiation of cells, which limits engraftment potential. This unit describes the isolation of canine muscle-derived cells, ex vivo expansion of cells on plates coated with a modified Notch ligand, and the xenotransplant method used to evaluate engraftment potential. Activation of Notch signaling in freshly isolated canine muscle-derived cells with Delta-1ext-IgG inhibits myogenic differentiation, and maintains cells earlier in myogenic lineage progression. Delta-1ext-IgG-expanded cells engraft into the regenerating muscle of NOD/SCID mice more effectively than control cells expanded on human IgG, as evidenced by a significant increase in the number of muscle fibers expressing canine dystrophin in recipient murine muscle. Therefore, this protocol provides the basis for further developing culture conditions for ex vivo expansion of donor muscle cells for transplant. Curr. Protoc. Stem Cell Biol. 25:2C.4.1-2C.4.16. © 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords:

  • Notch signaling;
  • skeletal muscle;
  • satellite cells;
  • transplantation