1. Richard C. Dorf Editor-in-Chief and
  2. Shimon Y. Nof Consulting Editor
  1. William B. Gevarter1,
  2. Mary Kay Allen Director2,
  3. Wesley J. Johnston3,
  4. Janet Evans Worthington4,
  5. William C. Burns Jr.5,
  6. John E. Ettlie6,
  7. Mysore Narayanan7,
  8. Robert Crowder OSI Educators and Consultants8,
  9. A. Davies9,
  10. H. J. Lewis9,
  11. John A. White10,
  12. James M. Apple11,12,
  13. Jack Jeswiet13,
  14. Tom Moore13,
  15. Warren P. Seering14,15,
  16. Victor Scheinman16,
  17. Hans J. Warnecke17,
  18. Rolf D. Schraft17,
  19. Martin C. Wanner17,
  20. E. Thomas Napp Consultant18,
  21. Michael Kassler19,
  22. A. Meystel20,
  23. Richard D. Klafter21,
  24. Alan A. Desrochers22,
  25. Peter A. Regla23,
  26. Robert Malone24,
  27. John J. Craig25 and
  28. Philip R. Chimes26

Published Online: 1 FEB 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470172308.ch4

International Encyclopedia of Robotics: Applications and Automation, Volume 2

International Encyclopedia of Robotics: Applications and Automation, Volume 2

How to Cite

Gevarter, W. B., Allen, M. K., Johnston, W. J., Worthington, J. E., Burns, W. C., Ettlie, J. E., Narayanan, M., Crowder, R., Davies, A., Lewis, H. J., White, J. A., Apple, J. M., Jeswiet, J., Moore, T., Seering, W. P., Scheinman, V., Warnecke, H. J., Schraft, R. D., Wanner, M. C., Napp, E. T., Kassler, M., Meystel, A., Klafter, R. D., Desrochers, A. A., Regla, P. A., Malone, R., Craig, J. J. and Chimes, P. R. (1988) M, in International Encyclopedia of Robotics: Applications and Automation, Volume 2 (eds R. C. Dorf and S. Y. Nof), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470172308.ch4

Editor Information

  1. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    NASA, Moffett Field, Mountain View, California, USA

  2. 2

    U.S.A.F., A.F.L.C., Artificial Intelligence Program Management Office, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio, USA

  3. 3

    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA

  4. 4

    West Virginia Institute of Technology, Montgomery, West Virginia, USA

  5. 5

    Greenville Technical College, Greenville, South Carolina, USA

  6. 6

    Industrial Technology Institute, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

  7. 7

    Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA

  8. 8

    Ship Star Associates, Newark, Delaware, USA

  9. 9

    University of Wales, Institute of Science and Technology, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom

  10. 10

    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

  11. 11

    Coopers & Lybrand, Duluth, Georgia, USA

  12. 12

    Systecon, Inc., Duluth, Georgia, USA

  13. 13

    Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

  14. 14

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

  15. 15

    Cal Tech, Pasadena, California, USA

  16. 16

    Automatix, Inc., Billerica, Massachusetts, USA

  17. 17

    Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing, Engineering and Automation, Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany

  18. 18

    Baxter Travenol, Round Lake, Illinois, USA

  19. 19

    Michael Kassler and Associates Pty Limited, McMahons Point, Australia

  20. 20

    Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

  21. 21

    Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

  22. 22

    Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

  23. 23

    Elicon, La Habra, California, USA

  24. 24

    Robert Malone and Associates, New York, New York, USA

  25. 25

    Silma Inc., Los Altos, California, USA

  26. 26

    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2008
  2. Published Print: 16 MAR 1988

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471635130

Online ISBN: 9780470172308



  • nondeductive problem-solving approaches;
  • inexpensive microprocessor technology;
  • passive remote center compliance devices;
  • mining equipment teleoperator;
  • adaptive suspension vehicle (ASV)


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Machine Intelligence, Its Nature and Evolution

  • Machine Loading/Unloading

  • Maintenance and Repair, Robotic

  • Management and Robotics

  • Manufacturers of Robots

  • Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP)

  • Market Forecasts

  • Material Handling

  • Materials of Robots

  • Mechanical Design of Components

  • Medical Device Production, Robots in

  • Military Robots

  • Mining, Robots in

  • Mobile Robots, Autonomous

  • Mobile Robots, Research and Development

  • Motion Control

  • Motion Picture Industry, Robots in

  • Movies, Robots in

  • Multicoordinated Robotic Devices: Simulation and Programming

  • Multiple-Robot Systems, Control of