Chapter 29. Doe Fe Distributed Generation Program

  1. Edgar Lara-Curzio and
  2. Michael J. Readey
  1. Mark C. Williams

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470291184.ch29

28th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 25, Issue 3

28th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 25, Issue 3

How to Cite

Williams, M. C. (2004) Doe Fe Distributed Generation Program, in 28th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 25, Issue 3 (eds E. Lara-Curzio and M. J. Readey), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470291184.ch29

Author Information

  1. US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, PO Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Road, Morgantown, WV 26507–0880

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470051498

Online ISBN: 9780470291184

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Keywords:

  • NETL;
  • SECA;
  • PNNL;
  • DG;
  • SOFC

Summary

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), in partnership with private industries, is leading the development and demonstration of high efficiency solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and fuel cell turbine hybrid power generation systems for near term distributed generation (DG) market with emphasis on premium power and high reliability. NETL is partnering with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in developing new directions in research under the Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) initiative for the development and commercialization of modular, low cost, and fuel flexible SOFC systems. the SECA initiative, through advanced materials, processing and system integration research and development will bring the fuel cell cost to 400/kilowatt (kW) for stationary and auxiliary power unit (APU) markets. the President of the U.S. has launched us into a new hydrogen economy. the Jogic of a hydrogen economy is compelling. the movement to a hydrogen economy will accomplish several strategic goals. the U.S. can use its own domestic resources — solar, wind, hydro, and coal. the U.S. uses 20 percent oil but has only 3 percent of resources. Also, the U.S. can reduce green house gas emissions. Clear Skies and Climate Change aim to reduce CO2, NOx, and SO2 emissions. SOFC's have no emissions so they figure significantly in these DOE strategies. in addition, DG — SOFC's, reforming, energy storage — has significant benefit for enhanced security and reliability. the use of fuel cells is expected to bring about the hydrogen economy. However, commercialization of fuel cells is expected to proceed first through portable and stationary applications. This logic says to develop SOFC's for a wide range of stationary and APU applications, initially for conventional fuels, then switch to hydrogen. Like all fuel cells the SOFC will operate even better on hydrogen than conventional fuels. the SOFC hybrid is a key part of the FutureGen plants. FutureGen is a major new Presidential initiative to produce hydrogen from coal. the highly efficient SOFC hybrid plant will produce electric power and other parts of the plant could produce hydrogen and sequester CO2. the hydrogen produced can be used in fuel cell cars and for SOFC DG applications.