7. Investigations on Growth of Textured and Single Crystal Oxide Fibers Using a Quadrupole Lamp Furnace

  1. Edgar Lara-Curzio
  1. W. Yoon and
  2. W. M. Kriven

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470291221.ch7

Mechanical Properties and Performance of Engineering Ceramics and Composites: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 2

Mechanical Properties and Performance of Engineering Ceramics and Composites: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 2

How to Cite

Yoon, W. and Kriven, W. M. (2008) Investigations on Growth of Textured and Single Crystal Oxide Fibers Using a Quadrupole Lamp Furnace, in Mechanical Properties and Performance of Engineering Ceramics and Composites: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 2 (ed E. Lara-Curzio), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470291221.ch7

Author Information

  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana IL 61801, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781574982329

Online ISBN: 9780470291221

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Keywords:

  • ceramic oxide fibers;
  • mullite;
  • lamp furnace;
  • oxide fibers;
  • precursor polycrystalline fibers

Summary

Fine ceramic oxide fibers are widely used as reinforcements in composites for high temperature applications. The primary goal of this research effort was to investigate the growth of single crystal or textured oxide fibers by heat treatment of polycrystalline or amorphous, extruded precursor fibers.

Mullite was selected for this study due to its excellent chemical stability, creep resistance and strength at high temperatures. Precursor polycrystalline fibers of mullite were prepared by (a) sol infiltration of silk or cotton threads and (b) extrusion. Green fibers of ∼10 m̈m and ∼150 m̈m could be made by sol infiltration (of single silk filament) and by extrusion, respectively. A quadrupole lamp furnace, with a small, disc-shaped, hot zone was used for the heat treatment. The effect of temperature and traverse rate through the hot zone, on the microstructure of the polycrystalline precursor fibers, was evaluated.

Mullite whiskers were synthesized and used as a template for introducing texturing in extruded mullite fibers. Textured growth of mullite fiber with elongated grains, ∼400 m̈m in length and aligned along the long-axis of the fibers, was achieved with heat treatment. The whisker templated fibers were further subjected to repeated cycles of heat treatment to form a transparent oxide. Preliminary investigations suggest that the transparent part of the heat treated fiber is a single crystal. However, rigorous optical microscopy, x-ray diffraction and TEM investigations are underway to confirm our finding.