30. Tactical Vehicle Armor Systems that Utilize Large, Complex-Shaped Reaction Bonded Ceramic Tiles

  1. Jeffrey J. Swab
  1. M. K. Aghajanian1,
  2. B. E. Schultz1,
  3. K. Kremer1,
  4. T. R. Holmes1,
  5. F. S. Lyons2 and
  6. J. Mears2

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470291276.ch30

Advances in Ceramic Armor: A Collection of Papers Presented at the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 23-28, 2005, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 7

Advances in Ceramic Armor: A Collection of Papers Presented at the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 23-28, 2005, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 7

How to Cite

Aghajanian, M. K., Schultz, B. E., Kremer, K., Holmes, T. R., Lyons, F. S. and Mears, J. (2005) Tactical Vehicle Armor Systems that Utilize Large, Complex-Shaped Reaction Bonded Ceramic Tiles, in Advances in Ceramic Armor: A Collection of Papers Presented at the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, January 23-28, 2005, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 26, Number 7 (ed J. J. Swab), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470291276.ch30

Author Information

  1. 1

    M Cubed Technologies, Inc. 1 Tralee Industrial Park Newark, DE 19711

  2. 2

    Simula, Inc. 7822 South 46th Street Phoenix, AZ 85044

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781574982374

Online ISBN: 9780470291276

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Keywords:

  • armor systems;
  • tactical vehicles;
  • polymeric backing;
  • ceramic-based systems;
  • microstructure

Summary

The vast majority of armor systems for commercial and tactical vehicles are metal-based. Few ceramic systems are utilized due to cost and structural constraints. Typical ceramic-based armor systems for vehicles consist of a mosaic of small, precision ground ceramic tiles bonded to a metallic and/or polymeric backing. The present work examines a ceramic-based vehicle armor system that consists of large, 1-piece, complex shaped reaction bonded ceramic tiles with a backing of ballistic metal and/or polymer. The use of a 1-piece ceramic tile yields many advantages. First, the large ceramic tile provides structure to the door, thus allowing other weight to be removed (tile is not simply parasitic). Second, performance is enhanced since there are no tile to tile seams and there are no weight adding raised tile edges. Third, the system provides lower cost than competitive ceramic-based systems (no assembly of ceramic tile mosaic and no edge grinding of tiles required). The concept is applied to the design and fabrication of armored doors for the F350 Truck and the HMMWV. Herein, the processing, microstructures and properties of the large ceramic panels are presented; ballistic results are summarized; and example armor designs are provided. The work was supported by TACOM under contract numbers DAAE07–02-R-0002 and W56HZV-04-C-0023.