Chapter 16. Borates Used in Porcelain Enamels

  1. David Thomas
  1. Thomas E. Wilhelm

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294451.ch16

Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5

Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5

How to Cite

Wilhelm, T. E. (1997) Borates Used in Porcelain Enamels, in Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5 (ed D. Thomas), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294451.ch16

Author Information

  1. U.S. Borax Inc., Chicago, Illinois

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1997

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375556

Online ISBN: 9780470294451

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Keywords:

  • porcelain enamels;
  • metal cleaning;
  • mummification;
  • colored ground glass;
  • cooking pots

Summary

The historical background and widespread use of borates are highlighted. Use in porcelain enamel frits, mill additions, and metal cleaning is described. Different types of borates and their water content, stability, storage and handling characteristics, particulate emissions, energy aspects, and other production-related issues are discussed.