Chapter 24. Titanium Addition: Smelting vs. Milling

  1. David Thomas
  1. Timothy E. Sumpter and
  2. Peggy L. Damewood

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294451.ch24

Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5

Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5

How to Cite

Sumpter, T. E. and Damewood, P. L. (1997) Titanium Addition: Smelting vs. Milling, in Proceedings of the 59th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 18, Issue 5 (ed D. Thomas), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294451.ch24

Author Information

  1. CV Materials, Ltd., Urbana, OH

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1997

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375556

Online ISBN: 9780470294451

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Keywords:

  • titanium addition;
  • smelting;
  • semi-opaque frit;
  • hardness;
  • milling stage

Summary

The addition of titanium to a semi-opaque frit is examined. A comparison of titanium in anatase and rutile forms added during smelting versus wet milling is the focus. Changes in the properties of the enamel (stress, chemical durability, gloss, color, color stability, and hardness) are discussed.