Chapter 10. Borate Fluxes in Ceramic Bodies

  1. William M. Carty
  1. S. G. Cook

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294734.ch10

Materials & Equipment/Whitewares: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 23, Issue 2

Materials & Equipment/Whitewares: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 23, Issue 2

How to Cite

Cook, S. G. (2002) Borate Fluxes in Ceramic Bodies, in Materials & Equipment/Whitewares: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 23, Issue 2 (ed W. M. Carty), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294734.ch10

Author Information

  1. Borax Europe Limited, Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2002

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375778

Online ISBN: 9780470294734

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Keywords:

  • borate fluxes;
  • ceramic pits;
  • glazes;
  • boric wide;
  • rio tinto borax

Summary

Ceramic frits and glazes have been formulated with borates for thousands of years, but traditional ceramic bodies do not contain boric oxide. In this type of ceramic, densification on firing occurs through a glassy phase, and it is pmbable that boric oxide will become incorporated, affecting the firing process. Borax has been researching this, in particular for porcelain floor tiles where all aspects of processing and properties have been investigated. The results will be described. More recent reseach shows that it is possible to reformulate a porcelain tile body by using a borate to achieve ovemll cost savings.