Chapter 32. Calcium Aluminate/Calcium Phosphate Composite Orthopedic Bone Cement

  1. Waltraud M. Kriven and
  2. Hua-Tay Lin
  1. L. Roemhildt1,
  2. Stanley D. Wagner2 and
  3. Thomas D. Mcgee3

Published Online: 27 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294802.ch32

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3

How to Cite

Roemhildt, L., Wagner, S. D. and Mcgee, T. D. (2003) Calcium Aluminate/Calcium Phosphate Composite Orthopedic Bone Cement, in 27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3 (eds W. M. Kriven and H.-T. Lin), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294802.ch32

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation University of Vermont Burlington, VA 05405-0084

  2. 2

    Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011

  3. 3

    MSE Department Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375839

Online ISBN: 9780470294802

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Keywords:

  • calcium phosphate;
  • polymethylmethacrylate;
  • calcium aluminates;
  • blood plasma;
  • calcium chloride

Summary

An improved cement for joint replacement surgery is needed to replace polymethylmethacrylate. A composite cement composed of calcium phosphate to control tissue response and calcium aluminate to produce set and enduring strength is described. High concentrations of CaCl2 produce rapid strength and contribute to the bond by producing hydrated calcium chloroaluminates. When stored in simulated body fluids at 37°C changes in mass, dimensions, strength and composition occurs. Setting times and properties appear to warrant further investigation.