Chapter 39. A Multi-Station Hip Joint Simulator Study and Wear Characterization of Commercial Hip Endoprostheses

  1. Waltraud M. Kriven and
  2. Hua-Tay Lin
  1. K. Jono1,
  2. Y. Takigawa1,
  3. H. Takadama1,
  4. M. Mizuno1 and
  5. T. Nakamura2

Published Online: 27 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294802.ch39

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3

How to Cite

Jono, K., Takigawa, Y., Takadama, H., Mizuno, M. and Nakamura, T. (2003) A Multi-Station Hip Joint Simulator Study and Wear Characterization of Commercial Hip Endoprostheses, in 27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 3 (eds W. M. Kriven and H.-T. Lin), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294802.ch39

Author Information

  1. 1

    Material Research and Development Laboratory Japan Fine Ceramics Center 2-4-1 Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan

  2. 2

    Dept. Orthopedic Surgery, Facul. Medicine, Kyoto University 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375839

Online ISBN: 9780470294802

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Keywords:

  • ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene;
  • hip joint prostheses;
  • distilled water;
  • contaminating lipids;
  • scanning electron microscopy

Summary

The objectives of this study are to compare ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and closs-linked UHMWPE (cUHMWPE) wear of commercial total hip joint prostheses under identical conditions simulating a living body, and to characterize generated wear-debris using identical technique. Several prostheses with different material combinations of a head and a cup were subjected with a diluted bovine serum lubricant using a multi-station hip joint simulator. Wear rate of cUHMWPE cups against ZrO2 ceramic head was extremely low, compared with UHMWPE cups. In this case, most of wear-debris particles of UHMWPE and cUHMWPE were less than 1 μm in size. However, slight difference was found in size distributions and in morphology between the particles from these materials. Wear rate and wear debris of CoCr-on-UHMWPE, ZrO2-on-cUHMWPE and Al2O3-on- cUHMWPE were also investigated in this study.