Chapter 6. Low Tmperature Sintering of Pb(ZrTi)O3 Materials for Actuator Applications

  1. Waltraud M. Kriven and
  2. Hua-Tay Lin
  1. J. O. Kiggans Jr.,
  2. F. C. Montgomery,
  3. T. N. Tiegs and
  4. B. M. Evans

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470294826.ch6

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 4

27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 4

How to Cite

Kiggans, J. O., Montgomery, F. C., Tiegs, T. N. and Evans, B. M. (2003) Low Tmperature Sintering of Pb(ZrTi)O3 Materials for Actuator Applications, in 27th Annual Cocoa Beach Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 24, Issue 4 (eds W. M. Kriven and H.-T. Lin), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470294826.ch6

Author Information

  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Road, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375846

Online ISBN: 9780470294826

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Keywords:

  • zirconium titanate;
  • manufacturing multilayer;
  • electrodes;
  • fabricated;
  • electromechanical

Summary

A goal in manufacturing multilayer lead zirconium titanate (PZT) actuators is to produce materials that can be sintered at temperatures < 960°C so that the internal electrodes can be constructed from more cost-effective Ag alloys. A commercial PZT-4 type powder was modified by the addition of glass forming donor and acceptor compounds. Powder mixtures were milled using standard ball milling or high-energy attrition milling steps. Both pressed and tape cast laminate discs were fabricated from the powders and then sintered at 800°C to 950°C in air. The mechanical properties and electromechanical properties of the sintered materials were measured.