Chapter 29. Powder Porcelain Enamel-Outgassing and/or Blackspecks Related to Steel Substrate

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. Larry L. Steele

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470310540.ch29

Proceedings of the 50th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 5/6

Proceedings of the 50th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 5/6

How to Cite

Steele, L. L. (1989) Powder Porcelain Enamel-Outgassing and/or Blackspecks Related to Steel Substrate, in Proceedings of the 50th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 5/6 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470310540.ch29

Author Information

  1. Armco Inc., Middletown Works, 1801 Crawford Street, Middletown, OH 45043

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1989

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470374856

Online ISBN: 9780470310540

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Keywords:

  • powder porcelain enamel;
  • outgassing;
  • blackspecks;
  • steel substrate;
  • steel surface contaminants

Summary

Outgassing defects encountered with powder porcelain enamels are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the steel substrate as a source of these defects. Potential causes as well as possible corrective action steps are discussed.