Chapter 17. Interfacial Reaction Between Zirconia and Carbon Steel

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. Nobuya Iwamoto1,
  2. Yukio Makino1 and
  3. Hajime Yokoo2

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470312568.ch17

Proceedings of the International Forum on Structural Ceramics Joining: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 11/12

Proceedings of the International Forum on Structural Ceramics Joining: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 11/12

How to Cite

Iwamoto, N., Makino, Y. and Yokoo, H. (1989) Interfacial Reaction Between Zirconia and Carbon Steel, in Proceedings of the International Forum on Structural Ceramics Joining: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 10, Issue 11/12 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470312568.ch17

Author Information

  1. 1

    Welding Research Institute Osaka University 11–1, Mihogaoka, Ibaraki-City Osaka 567, Japan

  2. 2

    Research Laboratory Osaka Cement Co., Ltd. 7–1–49, Minami-Okajima, Taisyo-ku Osaka 551, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1989

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470374887

Online ISBN: 9780470312568

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Keywords:

  • interfacial;
  • TFXD;
  • ESR;
  • XPS;
  • magnetite

Summary

Reaction between zirconia and carbon steel was studied in the vacuum condition, and interfacial characterization was performed using various spectroscopic methods such as TFXD, ESR, and XPS. It is indicated from the TFXD results that magnetite phase was detected at the interface as a result of reacting metallic iron with zirconia and weak interface between magnetite and metallic iron produced no good strength of joint. ESR results show that small amounts of iron diffused into zirconia lattice in the form of trivalent ion which causes ESR absorption near g = 2.06. The formation of trivalent zirconium ions in the interface was also supported by the appearance of ESR absorption at g = 1.944 with decreasing temperature, which is a proof of redox reaction between zirconia and metallic iron. Chemical state of iron clarified by XPS and appearance of broad ESR absorption due to Fe3+-Fe3+ interaction shows a good agreement with TXFD result.