Chapter 29. Sol-Gel Coatings on Continuous Ceramic Fibers

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. R. S. Hay and
  2. E. E. Hermes

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470313053.ch29

14th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 11, Issue 9/10

14th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 11, Issue 9/10

How to Cite

Hay, R. S. and Hermes, E. E. (1990) Sol-Gel Coatings on Continuous Ceramic Fibers, in 14th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 11, Issue 9/10 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470313053.ch29

Author Information

  1. Wright Research and Development Center Materials Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH 45433

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1990

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470374931

Online ISBN: 9780470313053

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Keywords:

  • alumina;
  • isopropoxide;
  • equipment;
  • oxynitride;
  • microporous

Summary

Equipment that coats continuous ceramic fibers and fiber tows has been built and tested. Fibers and tows could be cleaned, coated, and heat-treated without contamination from contact with coated parts and without bending. The equipment was used to coat AVCO SiC SCS-0 fibers with alumina, using an aluminum isopropoxide-derived sol Fibers were continuously coated at 95 cm/s to 0.5 cm/s at temperatures between 100° and 1300°C. Sol concentrations with alumina yields between 8 g/l and 118 g/l were used. Coating thickness increased directly with sol concentration, but thickness was relatively insensitive to temperature and coating rate. Thickness could be calculated from sol concentration assuming a 15–μm thick sol layer wetted the SCS-0 fibers. The coating thickness was not uniform at sol concentrations of 8 g/l and at high coating rates when 188 g/l sol concentrations were used. Multifilament tows of Du Pont fibers FP and PRD-166 were also coated with alumina sol. The outside of the tow bundle was coated, but filament surfaces inside the bundle may not have been coated; if the coating was present it was less than 50–nm thick. Extensive bridging of coating between filaments was observed, and filaments in the tow were often cemented together.