Chapter 15. Polycrystalline SiC Fibers from Organosilicon Polymers

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr
  1. Jonathan Lipowitz,
  2. James A. Rabe and
  3. Gregg A. Zank

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470313848.ch15

Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 12, Issue 9/10

Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 12, Issue 9/10

How to Cite

Lipowitz, J., Rabe, J. A. and Zank, G. A. (1991) Polycrystalline SiC Fibers from Organosilicon Polymers, in Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials, Part 2 of 2: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 12, Issue 9/10 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470313848.ch15

Author Information

  1. Dow Corning Corporation Midland, MI 48686--0995

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1991

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375105

Online ISBN: 9780470313848

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Keywords:

  • organosilicon;
  • microstructure;
  • temperature;
  • nitrogen;
  • polymer

Summary

Various organosilicon polymers have been converted into small diameter, finegrained silicon carbide fibers by melt spinning, crosslinking, and pyrolyzing to >1600ď. The high pyrolysis temperature densifies the fiber and causes CO evolution which removes nearly all oxygen. An additive prevents the loss of strength normally associated with such treatments. Silicon carbide fibers with up to 2.6 GPa (380 ksi) tensile strength, >420 GPa (>60 Msi) elastic modulus, and 3.1--3.2 mglm3 density have been prepared via this process. Their microstructure consists of >9S wt% β-SiC crystallites averaging 30-40 nm diameter, with varying amounts of graphitic carbon between the SiC grains. Under inert conditions, the fibers can be thermally aged at least 12 h/1800ď with minimal change in properties.