Chapter 48. A Method for the Ply-Level Elastic Characterization of Composite Materials Using Thick Tubular Angle-Ply Specimens

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. Eric R. George1,
  2. Kin Liao2 and
  3. Kenneth L. Reifsnider3

Published Online: 28 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470314500.ch48

Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials - A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 15, Issue 4

Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials - A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 15, Issue 4

How to Cite

George, E. R., Liao, K. and Reifsnider, K. L. (1994) A Method for the Ply-Level Elastic Characterization of Composite Materials Using Thick Tubular Angle-Ply Specimens, in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference on Composites and Advanced Ceramic Materials - A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 15, Issue 4 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470314500.ch48

Author Information

  1. 1

    Virginia Tech, Materials Response Group, M.S. Candidate

  2. 2

    Virginia Tech, Materials Response Group, Ph.D Candidate

  3. 3

    Virginia Tech

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1994

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375327

Online ISBN: 9780470314500

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Keywords:

  • ceramic matrix;
  • out-of-plane;
  • cylindrical;
  • ply-level;
  • geometries;
  • forward solution

Summary

Accurate mechanical properties are critical to the design and use of composite material structures. However, the properties and performance of ceramic matrix materials are especially sensitive to the geometry of the component and how it is made. A method is presented by which the ply-level elastic properties of a composite material can be obtained for a common structure; a thick, laminated tube. The mechanical and thermal response of the tubes is modeled by a planar cylindrical elasticity solution. Properties are determined from surface strain measurements of a thick tube subject to axial, torsional, pressure, and thermal loads. All elastic properties (including thermal expansion coefficients) can be obtained except the out-of-plane shear moduli (G13, G23) which are not involved In the planar elasticity solution employed. The ply-level properties are estimated by an optimized inversion of the elasticity solution in terms of the global strain measurements. Application of the method for a filament wound aluminum oxide-aluminum oxide tube is presented. Advantages and limitations of the method are identified.