Chapter 39. New York State: Birthplace and Cradle of High-Technology Ceramics and Glasses
- John B. Wachtman Jr.
Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
Copyright © 1995 The American Ceramic Society
A Collection of Papers Presented at the 96th Annual Meeting and the 1994 Fall Meetings of the Materials & Equipment/Whitewares/Refractory Ceramics/Basic Science: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 1
How to Cite
Spriggs, R. M. and Rasmussen, M. A. (1995) New York State: Birthplace and Cradle of High-Technology Ceramics and Glasses, in A Collection of Papers Presented at the 96th Annual Meeting and the 1994 Fall Meetings of the Materials & Equipment/Whitewares/Refractory Ceramics/Basic Science: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 1 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470314616.ch39
- Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
- Published Print: 1 JAN 1995
Print ISBN: 9780470375341
Online ISBN: 9780470314616
- silicon carbide;
Since the turn of the century. New York State (NYS) has been the home of countless ceramic and glass companies. More importantly perhaps, these companies and other NYS industries have given rise to many of the greatest accomplishments in high-technology ceramic and glass materials in the 20th century. Examples of these will be cited, ranging from silicon carbide at Carborundum (ca. 1891); dinnerware at Buffalo China and Syracuse China; the incandescent lamp envelope at Corning Glass–later followed by railroad lanterns, Pyrex™, Pyroceram™ (one of the most significant 20th century discoveries), and a host of strengthened and toughened glasses and glass-ceramics, such as Visions™ cookware and ceramic catalytic converter substrates; fiber optics, pioneered at Corning Glass, AT&T Bell Labs, and ITT Corporation; multilayer capacitors at IBM; glass-to-metal seals at Sperry Rand (now Unisys); Lucalox-translucent polycrystalline alumina at General Electric (considered another most significant 20th century discovery); synthetic diamond, also at General Electric; and high-technology ceramic and glass products at Bausch and Lomb (Ray-Ban™ sunglasses), Kodak (IR-tran™ elements), and Xerox; and Fiberfrax™, Space Felt™, and Hexaloy™ at Carborundum. These and numerous other New York State ceramic and glass “firsts” will be cited.