Chapter 17. Fabrication and Microstructural Control of Advanced Ceramic Components by Three Dimensional Printing

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. J. Yoo1,
  2. M. Cima1,
  3. E. Sachs2 and
  4. S. Suresh1

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470314784.ch17

Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures - B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 5

Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures - B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 5

How to Cite

Yoo, J., Cima, M., Sachs, E. and Suresh, S. (1995) Fabrication and Microstructural Control of Advanced Ceramic Components by Three Dimensional Printing, in Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures - B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 5 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470314784.ch17

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

  2. 2

    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1995

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375389

Online ISBN: 9780470314784

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Keywords:

  • brainstorming;
  • downstream;
  • implemented;
  • productivity;
  • utilizing

Summary

Three Dimensional Printing (3DP) is a very flexible Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF) technology. Any starting material in the form of powder can be transformed into a green body by ink jet printing a binder into a powder bed. 3DP-deposition of a second phase through the nozzle is unique opportunity to fabricate parts with user-defined microstructure. Zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) was chosen as the first model system to demonstrate the computer derived microstructures. ZTA parts with different microstructures were built by 3DP process. Four point bending tests were performed on monolithic ZTA parts to determine their mechanical strength. X-ray diffraction and microprobe analysis were used to confirm the effectiveness of 3DP in creating user-defined microstructures.