Chapter 4. Use of Sulfates in Eliminating Loose Oxides on the Unenameled Steel Surface

  1. John B. Wachtman Jr.
  1. Bruce J. Kukuch and
  2. Theodore A. Bloom

Published Online: 26 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470314791.ch4

Proceedings of the 57th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 6

Proceedings of the 57th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 6

How to Cite

Kukuch, B. J. and Bloom, T. A. (1995) Use of Sulfates in Eliminating Loose Oxides on the Unenameled Steel Surface, in Proceedings of the 57th Porcelain Enamel Institute Technical Forum: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 16, Issue 6 (ed J. B. Wachtman), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470314791.ch4

Author Information

  1. Inland Steel Research Laboratories, East Chicago, IN

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1995

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470375396

Online ISBN: 9780470314791

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Keywords:

  • enamel;
  • temperatures;
  • oxidation;
  • titanium;
  • thermocouple

Summary

The need to remove loose oxide is discussed. Examination of the effectiveness of various sulfates used as rinse water additives is explained. The recommended cation and optimum concentrations are reported.