Chapter 28. Corrosion Resistance of Ceramic Materials to HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4

  1. William Smothers
  1. James P. Bennett

Published Online: 28 MAR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470320310.ch28

Applications of Refractories: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 7, Issue 1/2

Applications of Refractories: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 7, Issue 1/2

How to Cite

Bennett, J. P. (1986) Corrosion Resistance of Ceramic Materials to HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4, in Applications of Refractories: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 7, Issue 1/2 (ed W. Smothers), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470320310.ch28

Author Information

  1. Tuscaloosa Research Center, Bureau of Mines U.S. Dept. Interior, University, AL 35486

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAR 2008
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1986

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470374443

Online ISBN: 9780470320310

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Keywords:

  • ceramic materials;
  • concentrations;
  • leaching;
  • corrosion resistance;
  • high-alumina brick

Summary

Eight commerical ceramic materials (two red shale, two fireclay, a silica, a silicon carbide, a carbon, and a high-alumina brick) were exposed for 110-d periods in HCl, HNO3, and HzSO4 Acid concentrations ranged from 10 to 90 wt% and temperatures from 50′ to 90°C. Cold crushing strength, volume expansion, and weight changes were determined. The leaching of Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, Si, and Ti ions is also discussed. An accelerated autoclave procedure for determining volume expansion is proposed.