3. Observational Studies

  1. Gerald van Belle

Published Online: 26 SEP 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470377963.ch3

Statistical Rules of Thumb, Second Edition

Statistical Rules of Thumb, Second Edition

How to Cite

van Belle, G. (2008) Observational Studies, in Statistical Rules of Thumb, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470377963.ch3

Author Information

  1. University of Washington, Department of Biostatistics and Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Seattle, WA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2008
  2. Published Print: 18 AUG 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470144480

Online ISBN: 9780470377963

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Keywords:

  • survey;
  • observational studies;
  • longitudinal data;
  • sensitivity analysis;
  • WHO

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Model for an Observational Study is the Sample Survey

  • Large Sample Size Does Not Guarantee Validity

  • Good Observational Studies are Designed

  • To Establish Cause Effect Requires Longitudinal Data

  • Make Theories Elaborate to Establish Cause and Effect

  • The Hill Guidelines are a Useful Guide to Show Cause Effect

  • Sensitivity Analyses Assess Model Uncertainty and Missing Data