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Improving Public Health In Developing Countries Through Operations Research

  1. Prashant Yadav

Published Online: 15 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470400531.eorms0401

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

How to Cite

Yadav, P. 2011. Improving Public Health In Developing Countries Through Operations Research. Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. .

Author Information

  1. Zaragoza Logistics Center, MIT-Zaragoza International Logistics Program, Zaragoza, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 FEB 2011

Abstract

Across the developing world, thousands of people many of them children die each day from malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious diseases. Many of these conditions are preventable and treatable through well known public health interventions. Operations research (OR) can be a key tool to allocate the scarce resources to cost-effective interventions that can alleviate the health status in developing countries. This article provides an introduction to the application of OR to public health problems in developing countries for OR/MS practitioners, advanced undergraduate students in OR/MS and graduate researchers initiating work in this field. It explains commonly used public health metrics such as quality-adjusted life year (QALY), disability-adjusted life year (DALY), and Gini coefficient. Simple models to understand disease transmission along with a few illustrative applications of OR to solve public health problems are presented.

Keywords:

  • public health;
  • operations research;
  • global health;
  • malaria