Standard Article

Traffic Network Analysis and Design

  1. Stephen D. Boyles1,
  2. S. Travis Waller2

Published Online: 15 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470400531.eorms0915

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

How to Cite

Boyles, S. D. and Waller, S. T. 2011. Traffic Network Analysis and Design. Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Wyoming, Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Laramie, Wyoming

  2. 2

    The University of Texas, Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Austin, Texas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 FEB 2011

Abstract

This article provides an overview of basic traffic network analysis methods, focusing on the central traffic assignment problem. Formulations of the user-optimal and system-optimal assignment problems are given and link-based, path-based, and origin-based solution methods are presented. Congestion pricing and network design are then presented as two applications of these models. Finally, a brief treatment is given to extensions of the basic model: stochastic user equilibrium, elastic demand, uncertain costs, and dynamic traffic assignment. A discussion of seminal papers in the field is provided for historical context and further reference.

Keywords:

  • traffic networks;
  • traffic assignment;
  • user equilibrium;
  • system optimal