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Travel Demand Modeling

  1. Frank Southworth1,2,
  2. Laurie A. Garrow3

Published Online: 14 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470400531.eorms0922

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

How to Cite

Southworth, F. and Garrow, L. A. 2011. Travel Demand Modeling. Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

  2. 2

    Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, Georgia

  3. 3

    Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Atlanta, Georgia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 JAN 2011

Abstract

This chapter describes the principal types of both passenger and freight demand models in use today, providing a brief history of model development supported by references to a number of popular texts on the subject, and directing the reader to papers covering some of the more recent technical developments in the area. Over the past half century, a variety of methods have been used to estimate and forecast travel demands, drawing concepts from economic/utility maximization theory, transportation system optimization, and spatial interaction theory, using and often combining solution techniques as varied as Box–Jenkins methods, nonlinear multivariate regression, nonlinear mathematical programming, and agent-based microsimulation.

Keywords:

  • passenger and freight flows;
  • time series models;
  • logit models;
  • spatial interaction models;
  • non-linear optimization;
  • microsimulation;
  • agent-based models