Biosurveillance: Detecting, Tracking, and Mitigating The Effects of Natural Disease and Bioterrorism
Published Online: 15 FEB 2011
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science
How to Cite
Fricker, R. D. 2011. Biosurveillance: Detecting, Tracking, and Mitigating The Effects of Natural Disease and Bioterrorism. Wiley Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science. .
- Published Online: 15 FEB 2011
Biosurveillance is the regular collection, analysis, and interpretation of health and health-related data for indicators of diseases and other outbreaks by public health organizations. Motivated by the threat of bioterrorism, biosurveillance systems are being developed and implemented around the world. The goal of these systems has been expanded to include both, early event detection and situational awareness, so that the focus is not simply on detection, but also on response and consequence management. Whether they are useful for detecting bioterrorism or not, there seems to be consensus that these biosurveillance systems are likely to be useful for detecting and responding to natural disease outbreaks such as seasonal and pandemic flu and thus, they have the potential to significantly advance and modernize the practice of public health surveillance.
- public health;
- early event detection;
- situational awareness