Chapter 4. Defining North

  1. Stephen V. Estopinal

Published Online: 22 DEC 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470432778.ch4

A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys, Third Edition

A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys, Third Edition

How to Cite

Estopinal, S. V. (2008) Defining North, in A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys, Third Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470432778.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 DEC 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470230589

Online ISBN: 9780470432778

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • orientation;
  • distortion;
  • astronomic;
  • magnetic north;
  • perpendicular

Summary

The prelims comprise:

  • TRUE NORTH

  • ASTRONOMIC NORTH

  • MAGNETIC NORTH

  • ASSUMED NORTH

  • GRID NORTH

  • DIRECTIONS

  • AZIMUTHS

  • BEARINGS