Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Schunk, D. H. 2010. Academic Achievement. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Academic achievement has been an important societal topic for many years. In the years following World War II, schools educated increasing numbers of students. To optimize achievement, teachers geared their lessons to students' ability levels. The advent of the space age further elevated the importance of achievement, especially in mathematics and science. In the 1960s there was greater emphasis on disadvantaged children and on making school more relevant and less threatening. But declining achievement by the 1970s produced higher standards and greater accountability. The publication of A Nation at Risk (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983) led educators to improve teaching quality, curriculum requirements, and achievement standards.