Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Pang, J. S. 2010. Achievement Need. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Achievement Need (nAch) is a recurrent concern to excel or to do better at a task for the intrinsic satisfaction of doing better. It is measured using nondeclarative measures such as the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), or more commonly using the Picture Story Exercise (PSE; McClelland, Koestner, & Weinberger, 1989). McClelland, Atkinson, Clark, and Lowell (1953) created the content-coding system for nAch that includes major coding subcategories for the presence of a wish, need, or goal related to competition with a standard of excellence, for positive emotional reaction after a successful achievement outcome, and for reference to a unique accomplishment.
- performance feedback;
- personal accomplishment;
- managerial effectiveness