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Allport-Vernon Study of Values

  1. Piotr K. Oles1,
  2. Hubert J. M. Hermans2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0038

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Oles, P. K. and Hermans, H. J. M. 2010. Allport-Vernon Study of Values. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland

  2. 2

    Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The Allport-Vernon Study of Values (SOV) is one of the earliest, theoretically well-grounded questionnaires measuring personal values on the basis of declared behavioral preferences. The SOV was first published in 1931 by G. W. Allport and P. E. Vernon (1931) and later revised in 1970 by Allport, Vernon, and G. Lindzey (1970). It is a psychological tool designed to measure personal preferences of six types of values: theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political, and religious. The method is rooted in a philosophy of values by E. Spranger, who postulated six ideal types of people corresponding to their most important and general beliefs, ways of thinking, and preferred patterns of living. Each one is oriented toward a basic value: (1) Theoretical: truth; (2) Economic: usefulness; (3) Aesthetic: harmony and beauty; (4) Social: love for people; (5) Political: power and leadership; (6) Religious: unity or moral excellence. The idea was developed by G. W. Allport (1961), who argued that personal philosophy of life related to values is a core feature of personality implying direction of motivation, future goals, and current choices.

Keywords:

  • value;
  • preferences;
  • personality;
  • character traits