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Anomic Aphasia

  1. Rachel Casas,
  2. Daniel Tranel

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0062

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Casas, R. and Tranel, D. 2010. Anomic Aphasia. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. University of Iowa College of Medicine

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Anomic aphasia is a very disabling disorder that results from acquired brain dysfunction (typically stroke, traumatic brain injury, or temporal lobe resection). Patients with anomic aphasia manifest an isolated deficit in their ability to name things like concrete entities (named by nouns), actions (named by verbs), or spatial relationships (named by prepositions). Defective naming, also known as anomia, is a frequent part of the symptom complex that characterizes patients with aphasia (Goodglass & Wingfield, 1997; Tranel & Anderson, 1999), where aphasia refers to disturbances of the comprehension and formulation of verbal messages caused by acquired damage to language-related brain structures (typically in the left hemisphere).

Keywords:

  • naming;
  • language;
  • speech;
  • linguistics;
  • brain;
  • words;
  • neurology