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Antidepressant Medications

  1. Charles F. Gillespie,
  2. Olivia Y. Hung,
  3. Kristen A. Burgess

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0069

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Gillespie, C. F., Hung, O. Y. and Burgess, K. A. 2010. Antidepressant Medications. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Emory University School of Medicine

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

The observation that the induction of seizure activity was useful in the treatment of psychiatric illness (Fink, 2001) was initially appreciated in asylum patients treated with convulsion-inducing chemical agents such as camphor and metrazole and then later with insulin. The subsequent development of electrical methods of seizure induction and technical refinements to its application resulted in modern electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), the prototypic brain stimulation treatment and one of the most extensively validated treatments for depression.

Keywords:

  • depression;
  • psychopharmacology;
  • SSRI;
  • TCA;
  • MAOI;
  • lithium