Standard Article


  1. Fayth M. Parks

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0078

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Parks, F. M. 2010. Archetypes. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Georgia Southern University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Carl Gustav Jung introduced the concept of archetype to the discipline of psychology to represent the contents of the psyche called the collective unconscious in his theory of the mind. Jung identified this part of the unconscious to be universal, with contents and modes of behavior that are more or less the same in all individuals. Jung (1969) observed that the personal unconscious consists for the most part of complexes, and the content of the collective unconscious is made up essentially of archetypes. Archetype is one of the most popular concepts in Jung's theory. In his theory, he presented the ego as the organization of the conscious mind. He then offered terms for other areas of the psyche (Latin for “spirit” or “soul”) such as the personal unconscious, which adjoins the ego and contains psychic activities and content incongruous with conscious functions—repressed or disregarded for various reasons, such as stressful thoughts.


  • archetypes;
  • collective unconscious;
  • mythology