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Bipolar Disorder

  1. Tina R. Goldstein

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0134

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Goldstein, T. R. 2010. Bipolar Disorder. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–4.

Author Information

  1. University of Pittsburgh

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

Abstract

Bipolar disorder, previously referred to as manic-depressive illness, is a disorder affecting mood, behavior, and cognition. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience symptoms from two “poles”: (1) depression, characterized by low mood, sadness, anhedonia, sleep and appetite disturbance, poor concentration, fatigue, feelings of guilt and worthlessness, and psychomotor slowing; and (2) mania, distinguished by euphoric, elevated and/or irritable mood, decreased need for sleep, increased energy and activity, hypersexuality, pressured speech, racing thoughts, grandiosity, and increased risk-taking.

Keywords:

  • bipolar disorder;
  • mood disorder;
  • mania;
  • suicide