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Brain Development

  1. Mary Helen Immordino-Yang1,
  2. Kurt W. Fischer2

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0142

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Immordino-Yang, M. H. and Fischer, K. W. 2010. Brain Development. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Southern California

  2. 2

    Harvard University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


Unlike the predominant conceptions from a few decades back, brain development is currently understood to be an active, dynamic process, involving complex interactions between a person's biological predispositions, physical environment, and social nurturance. Rather than a hardwired, purely genetically programmed system, children's experiences actively organize their brain over time, in accordance with biological principles and constraints (Johnson, 2001). In turn, children's own neuropsychological profiles of strengths and weaknesses shapes the way they perceive and behave in the world. As they grow and develop, physiological and sociocultural processes work together in intricate, nuanced patterns to sculpt their brain's development.


  • dynamic development;
  • neural networks;
  • skill development;
  • emotion;
  • nature versus nurture