Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Oscar-Berman, M. and Mosher, S. M. 2010. Brain. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The human brain is a complex aggregate of billions of cells working together to process stimuli, to monitor needs, and to direct behavior. Developmentally, the brain begins at the most rostral extension of the neural tube; it bends over and convolutes as it expands within the confines of the skull (cranium). The brain's expansion is disproportionate relative to the growth of the spinal cord, the most caudal extension of the central nervous system. Figure 1 illustrates the development of the human brain, showing its major subdivisions.
- central nervous system;