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Central Nervous System Disorders

  1. Marlene Oscar-Berman,
  2. Susan M. Mosher

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0162

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Oscar-Berman, M. and Mosher, S. M. 2010. Central Nervous System Disorders. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. Boston University School of Medicine, Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Boston Campus

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of the brain and the spinal cord. The spinal cord controls movement and feeling of body regions located below the brain. Because the brain and the spinal cord are connected, the brain also plays a role in movement and feeling. However, the brain controls complex psychological processes such as attention, perception, motivation, emotion, language, cognition, and action. Central nervous system disorders may arise due to brain injury, or may occur as the result of congenital or degenerative neurological conditions.