Central Nervous System Disorders
Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology
How to Cite
Oscar-Berman, M. and Mosher, S. M. 2010. Central Nervous System Disorders. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.
- Published Online: 30 JAN 2010
The central nervous system (CNS) is comprised of the brain and the spinal cord. The spinal cord controls movement and feeling of body regions located below the brain. Because the brain and the spinal cord are connected, the brain also plays a role in movement and feeling. However, the brain controls complex psychological processes such as attention, perception, motivation, emotion, language, cognition, and action. Central nervous system disorders may arise due to brain injury, or may occur as the result of congenital or degenerative neurological conditions.