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Cognitive Neuroscience

  1. Jan B. Engelmann,
  2. Gregory S. Berns

Published Online: 30 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0197

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology

How to Cite

Engelmann, J. B. and Berns, G. S. 2010. Cognitive Neuroscience. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 1–3.

Author Information

  1. Emory University School of Medicine

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JAN 2010


The study of the neural basis of cognition, or cognitive neuroscience, has evolved rapidly in the last 15 years. In large part this has resulted from the parallel advances in imaging technology and raw computing power. Indeed, the exponential growth and concomitant movement of extraordinarily powerful computers to the desktop has made routine the analysis of large complex datasets. Cognitive neuroscience is an enterprise that depends heavily on the use of modern imaging technologies like positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and because of this reliance on technology, the ability to look noninvasively at the functionings of the human brain has only become possible very recently.


  • functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI);
  • positron emission tomography (PET);
  • attention;
  • event-related fMRI;
  • lesion studies